Posts Tagged ‘gut’

International Human Microbiome Congress in Paris

October 23rd, 2011

The next International Human Microbiome Congress, organized by the European consortium MetaHIT will take place in Paris, March 19-21, 2012 at the Palais Brongniart.

Social network wants to sequence your gut

September 10th, 2011

 

 

The non-profit programme MyMicrobes, launched today, is inviting people to have their gut bacteria sequenced for about €1,500 (US$2,100). Read more

You Are What You Eat

May 22nd, 2010

cabbage-noriA nice post from by Karen Schwarzberg and Mike Gurney at Small Things Considered (The Microbe Blog) discussing a paper recently published in Nature by Hehemann et al. which reports that, in at least one particular instance, we do harbor bacteria adapted to the traditional diet of our culture. Porphyranases are glycosyl hydrolases cleaving sulphated polysaccharides of carrageenan and agar from marine algae. These enzymes found in marine bacteria are common in Japanese—and only Japanese—intestinal microbiota. The Japanese can digest their nori (Porphyra) thanks to specific strains of Bacteroides plebeius that they host. The initial acquisition of the β-porphyranase genes by B. plebeius was likely by horizontal transfer from a marine Bacteroidetes.

Hehemann, J., Correc, G., Barbeyron, T., Helbert, W., Czjzek, M., & Michel, G. (2010). Transfer of carbohydrate-active enzymes from marine bacteria to Japanese gut microbiota Nature, 464 (7290), 908-912 DOI: 10.1038/nature08937

See also my previous post on the gut metagenomics-inspired poem from the Cuttlefish Poet at The Digital Cuttlefish‘s “You are What you Eat.”

Photo: Cabbage Nori Rolls.© http://blog.fatfreevegan.com/2006/05/cabbage-nori-rolls.html