JGI CSP 2011: Exploring the Genome Diversity of Mycorrhizal Fungi to Understand the Evolution and Functioning of Symbiosis in Woody Shrubs and Trees

PI’s: F Martin (INRA-Nancy), D Hibbett (Clark University) & I Grigoriev (DOE JGI)

The MGI Consortium is sequencing and analyzing the genomes of a phylogenetically and ecologically diverse suite of mycorrhizal fungi in Basidiomycota and Ascomycotina. Analyses of these genomes will provide insight into the diversity of mechanisms for the mycorrhizal symbiosis, including ectomycorrhizal, ericoid, and orchid associations. In concert with the sequencing of a suite of fungal wood decayers (Hibbett et al., CSP2011), these genomes will also illuminate the functional basis of transitions between wood decayer and symbiotic lifestyles.

In this genome initiative, 28 species have been selected for: their ability to promote growth and health of bioenergy-domesticated trees, their ability to establish different types of mycorrhizal symbiosis (ectomycorrhizas, ericoid and orchid endomycorrhizas), and their taxonomic relationships with already sequenced genomes to explore the intra-clade variability in symbiosis gene repertoires.

Collaborators: F Buscot (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig), J Colpaert (Universiteit Hasselt), PE Courty (University of Basel), M Gardes (Toulouse University), G Gay (Lyon University), G Grelet (McCaulay, Aberdeen), Silvia Perotto (Torino University), M Peter (WSL-ETH, Zurich), A Pringle (Harvard University), Y Sitrit (Ben Gurion University), A Tunlid (Lund University), R Vilgalys (Duke University), A Zuccaro (MPI-Marburg).

Contact: Francis Martin.

Tier 1 – 2011 [14 species]
Basidiomycotina:
Laccaria amethystina (Agaricales; Hydnangiaceae) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Hebeloma cylindrosporum (Agaricales, Cortinariaceae) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Paxillus involutus (Boletales, Paxilineae) JGI Portal
Paxillus rubicundulus (Boletales, Paxilineae) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Pisolithus microcarpus (Boletales, Sclerodermatineae; Pisolithaceae) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Pisolithus tinctorius (Boletales, Sclerodermatineae; Pisolithaceae) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Piloderma croceum (Atheliales) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Scleroderma citrinum (Boletales, Sclerodermataceae) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Sebacina vermifera (Sebacinales, forms endomycorrhizas [orchid]) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Tricholoma matsutake (Agaricales; Tricholomataceae) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Tulasnella calospora (Cantharellales; Tulasnellaceae) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Ascomycotina:
Cenococcum geophilum (Dothideomycetes) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Oidiodendron maius (Leotiomycetes) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Terfezia boudieri (Pezizales, Pezizaceae) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Tier 2 – 2012 [13 species]
Basidiomycotina:
Amanita muscaria (Agaricales; Amanitaceae) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Boletus edulis (Boletales, Boletineae) JGI Portal
Cantharellus cibarius (Cantharellales)
Cortinarius glaucopus (Agaricales; Cortinariaceae) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Gymnomyces xanthosporus (Russulales)
Lactarius quietus (Russulales) INRA Portal
Gyrodon lividus (Boletales) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Suillus luteus (Boletales, Suillineae) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Thelephora terrestris (Thelephorales)
Tomentella sublilacina (Thelephorales)
Ascomycotina:
Meliniomyces bicolor (Helotiales) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Meliniomyces variabilis (Helotiales) JGI Portal INRA Portal
Rhizoscyphus ericeae (Helotiales) JGI Portal